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Sean A. Valles
Sean A. Valles, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor

Department: HPS
Address: W-25C Holmes
Phone: (517) 884-0592
Email: valles@msu.edu

I received my PhD in the History and Philosophy of Science from Indiana University in 2010 after studying classical math, science, and literature at St. John's College-Annapolis.  I have a dual appointment in the MSU Lyman Briggs College (75%) and the Department of Philosophy (25%).  My research is primarily in the history and philosophy of the biomedical sciences, especially medical genetics.  My particular topics of research include: 

*Concepts of heterozygosity for disease-related genes, i.e. what it means to be a genetic disease carrier
*The history of American and British eugenics programs and how they relate to later biomedical science
*Genethics (ethical issues raised by genetics), especially the ethics of genetic testing and genetic engineering
*Adaptationism in biomedicine

My dissertation, Explaining the Evolution of Common Genetic Disease, examined the evidentiary problems facing researchers who attempt to explain why certain genetic diseases, such as Tay Sachs disease and cystic fibrosis, are unexpectedly common.  For more information, please see my website.



Honors
    2010 -Victor E. Thoren Fellowship, Indiana University History and Philosophy of Science Department
    2005 -National Science Foundation AGEP (Alliances for Graduate Education and the Professoriate) Fellowship


Grants
    National Science Foundation, (Sweeder, Valles, Shipman, Largent, Cass), SPRING 3: Scholarship Program for Retaining, Inspiring, and eNabling Graduates [2016 -2021] $649,279
    National Science Foundation, (White, Sawtelle, Valles, Smith, Lahr), Designing, Developing and Assessing a Module-Basted System of Interdisciplinary Education [2016 -2020] $1,181,214
    Michigan State University Science and Society at State Collaborative Grant Award, (White, Sawtelle, Valles, Wang, Fingal), Designing, Developing and Assessing a Module-Based System of Interdisciplinary Education [2015 -2015] $10,000
    Michigan State University Environmental Science and Policy Program-AgBioResearch Interdisciplinary Team Building Initiative, (PI: Sean Valles. Co-PIs: Kevin C. Elliott, Mark A. Largent, and Aaron M. McCright), Testing Communication Tactics for Overcoming Skepticism [2015 -2016] $6,830
    National Science Foundation , (Valles, O’Rourke, Whyte, Dietz), Collaborative Research: Values and Policy in Interdisciplinary Environmental Science: A Dialogue-based Framework for Ethics Education [2013 -2016] $196,759

Articles
    2012 Valles SA (2012) Heterogeneity of Risk within Racial Groups, a Challenge for Public Health Programs. Preventive Medicine, 55(5), 405-408
    2012 Valles SA (2012). Should Direct to Consumer Personalized Genomic Medicine Remain Unregulated? A Rebuttal of the Defenses. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine, 55(2), 250-265.
    2012 Valles SA (2012) Lionel Penrose and the Concept of Normal Variation in Human Intelligence. Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, 43(1), 231-289.
    2012 Valles SA (2012) Evolutionary Medicine at Twenty: Rethinking Adaptationism and Disease. Biology and Philosophy, 27(2), 241-261.
    2011 Valles SA(2011)Evolutionary Medicine at Twenty: Rethinking Adaptationism and Disease. Biology and Philosophy. doi:10.1007/s10539L011L9305Lz
    2011 Valles SA (2011) Lionel Penrose and the Concept of Normal Variation in Human Intelligence. Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences. doi:10.1016/j.shpsc.2011.10.010
    2010 'The Mystery of the Mystery of Common Genetic Diseases.' Biology and Philosophy 25.2 (2010): 183-201.